Implementation area

The proposal will be implemented within the limits of ROSCI0208 Putna Vrancea (38060 ha, Eastern Carpathians, Alpine BGR).

Putna-Vrancea Natural Park was established on the basis of Government Decision 2151/2004 regarding the establishment of the protected natural area regime and Ministry of Environment Order 964/2007, regarding the establishment of sites of community importance. Government Decision 1284/2007 classifies the area as a special avifaunistic protection area – ROSPA0088 Vrancea Mountains. The Natural Park statute was obtained as a result of LIFE02NAT/RO/8576.

The Putna-Vrancea Natura 2000 site overlaps the central and northwestern sectors of the Vrancea Mountains. The site is part of the external group of Curvature Carpathians, overlapping the Putna river catchment area. The main relief units within the Putna-Vrancea Natura 2000 site are Lăcăuţi-Goru, Coza, Lepşa, and Zboina Neagră. The Lăcăuţi-Goru area unfolds on the general direction NV-SE, between Basca Mare and Zăbala rivers. The maximum elevation of the Vrancea Mountains and in Putna Basin – Goru Peak (1784.6 m) and Lăcăuţi Peak (1776.7 m). Coza Mountain extends at the north of Zboina Frumoasa and is bounded by rivers Putna at the north, Zăbala (southwest) and Năruja (southeast).

The highest share of the land in the Putna Vrancea Natural Park is represented by forests (91.7%), followed by natural grasslands and wood pastures. The built-up areas and farmland occupy negligible share (under 0.75%), being concentrated in the Lepşa-Greşu corridor and within the limit toward Coza şi Tulnici settlements. For this reason, the area occupied by agricultural land is low and other land use categories hold insignificant shares, highlighting the subsistence character of Putna-Vrancea Natural Park’s agriculture. Infertile lands have reduced surfaced, higher values being recorded in the municipality of Tulnici. Following land reform (between 2000 and 2005), approximately 84% of forest areas have returned to private owners, and about 4% belong to the Romanian state. This situation has not generated notable imbalances concerning decreasing the forest areas in the Putna-Vrancea Natural Park.